Teachers’ Day in India: Honoring the Guiding Lights of Education

Teachers’ Day in India: Honoring the Guiding Lights of Education

Teachers’ Day or Shikshak Divas is a special occasion celebrated annually on September 5th in India. This day holds a profound significance as it marks the birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, an eminent scholar, philosopher, and the first Vice President and former President of India. This article delves into the history and importance of Teachers’ Day, the legacy of Dr. Radhakrishnan, and the ways in which this day is celebrated in India.

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan: A Visionary Educator

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, born on September 5, 1888, was a remarkable figure in India’s history. His extensive contributions to education and philosophy earned him the prestigious Bharat Ratna award. When he assumed office as the second President of India in 1962, his students came forward with the idea of celebrating his birthday. However, instead of accepting their proposal, he suggested that September 5th be celebrated as Teachers’ Day. His intention was to honor and recognize the invaluable role that teachers play in society.

World Teachers’ Day: An International Perspective

While Teachers’ Day in India is celebrated on September 5th, World Teachers’ Day is observed on October 5th globally. This international initiative is led by esteemed organizations such as UNESCO, UNICEF, ILO, and Education International. The significance of this day lies in commemorating the adoption of the 1966 ILO/UNESCO recommendation.

Teachers’ Day in India

This recommendation focuses on establishing fundamental principles related to the rights and responsibilities of teachers. It also emphasizes standards for their initial training and continuous education, guidelines for teacher recruitment, employment conditions, and the quality of teaching and learning environments.

Celebrating Teachers’ Day in India

In India, September 5th is a day filled with gratitude and admiration for teachers. Schools, colleges, universities, and educational institutions across the country come together to honor their educators. Students take center stage, organizing various activities to express their appreciation. These activities include performances, dances, and elaborate shows dedicated to their beloved teachers.

Even for those who have graduated from educational institutions, this day serves as an excellent opportunity to express gratitude to their mentors and acknowledge the profound influence teachers have had on their lives. Teachers are the pillars of quality education, and their dedication often leads to their students’ success.

Tokens of Appreciation

For school students, Teachers’ Day means presenting flowers, sweets, chocolates, and gifts to convey their gratitude and affection for their favorite teachers. Handmade cards with heartfelt messages are a common sight on this day. For senior students, this day signifies a role reversal and celebration.

Role Reversal and Celebration

Senior students take the lead on Teachers’ Day, organizing cultural programs and events in schools and colleges. They often dress formally and step into the shoes of their teachers, taking charge of classes for the day. This role reversal allows students to empathize with their educators and gain a deeper understanding of the challenges they face.


In conclusion, this dayin India is a day of immense significance, celebrating the dedication and hard work of educators who shape the future of the nation. It’s a day to honor the legacy of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and to express gratitude to teachers for their invaluable contributions to society.

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Why is Teachers’ Day celebrated on September 5th in India?

Teachers’ Day is celebrated on September 5th in India to commemorate the birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and to honor the role of teachers in society.

What is the significance of World Teachers’ Day?

World Teachers’ Day is an international observance aimed at recognizing and appreciating the contributions of teachers globally and advocating for their rights and responsibilities.

How do students celebrate Teachers’ Day in India?

Students celebrate Teachers’ Day by organizing various activities, including performances, dances, and presenting gifts to their teachers.

Why is role reversal important on Teachers’ Day?

Role reversal on Teachers’ Day allows senior students to experience the challenges and responsibilities faced by teachers, fostering empathy and appreciation for their educators.

What is the legacy of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan?

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s legacy lies in his extensive contributions to education and philosophy and his role as the first Vice President and former President of India.

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