A solstice refers to two days in the year when the Sun appears to 'stand still' before changing direction.
The summer solstice occurs around June 20-22, marking the longest day of the year in the northern hemisphere.
The word "solstice" is derived from Latin and means "sun" and "to stand still."
The Earth's axial tilt of approximately 23.5 degrees causes the change of seasons.
The summer solstice signifies the farthest tilt of the Sun towards the north of the Earth.
On the summer solstice, the Sun's location is directly above the Tropic of Cancer.
The north pole is tilted towards the Sun, while the south pole is farthest away from it.
The summer solstice marks the beginning of the Sun's southward movement, known as the Dakshinayan in India.
The Sun's rays fall directly overhead of the Tropic of Cancer on the summer solstice.
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